Most Common Hockey Penalties
From the penalty box to the penalty shot
What kind of Hockey Penalties are there?
Depending on which offense a player commits, one of the following penalties may be imposed.
Important first: A goalkeeper never goes in the penalty box. If a goalkeeper receives a penalty, another player who was on the ice at the time of the offense must serve it for him. Exceptions are the misconduct and match penalty or an ejection: If a goalkeeper receives such a penalty, he must leave the ice and a substitute goalkeeper is brought in.
· Penalty Duration: 2 minutes
· Example Offenses: interfering the goalie, high stick or tripping
· Description: Punishment for a minor offense
· Man Advantage: The team with the penalty is down a man for 2 minutes. After 2 minutes, he returns to the ice. The penalty is cut short if the opposing team scores a goal.
· Additional Info: When the goalie receives a penalty, another player who was on the ice must take the penalty in his place.
· Penalty Duration: 2 minutes
· Example Offenses: Delay of game or too many men on the ice.
· Description: Punishment for team offense that disrupts the flow of the game.
· Man Advantage: The penalized team plays with 1 less skater for 2 minutes. After 2 minutes, he returns to the ice. The penalty is cut short if the opposing team scores a goal.
· Additional Info: The penalty is not directed at a single player, but against the entire team. This means that no specific player is penalized. The coach decides which player goes into the penalty box.
· Penalty Duration: 5 minutes
· Example Offenses: Boarding, charging, cross-checking
· Description: When a player commits a major penalty, he is penalized for 5 minutes.
· Man Advantage: The team with the penalty is down a man for 5 minutes. After 5 minutes, he returns to the ice. The penalty remains in effect even if the opposing team scores a goal.
· Additional Info: Goalies are excluded from this penalty. If a player commits 2 major penalties in a game, the player may be subject to suspension and is thrown out of the game.
· Penalty Duration: 10 minutes
· Example Offenses: Abuse of officials, unsportsmanlike conduct
· Description: With this penalty, the player must leave the ice for 10 minutes and remain on the bench until the next stoppage.
· Affect on Game: The player can be replaced immediately by another player. There is no man advantage for the team.
· Additional Info: For certain offenses (e.g. check to the head, checking from behind), referees usually impose a minor penalty in addition to the misconduct penalty. An extra player must sit in the penalty box for the minor penalty while the original offender must remain on the bench for the 10 minutes. If a player receives a two misconduct penalties in one game, he is ejected.
· Penalty Duration: Game ejection
· Example Offenses: Throwing objects from the bench, fighting, leaving the penalty box prematurely.
· Description: A referee shall call a game misconduct penalty for particularly severe fouls which may cause injuries.
· Affect on the Game: The player must leave the rink. There is no man advantage.
· Additional Info: The misconduct penalty does not automatically suspend a player. However, the referee may suspend the player if he chooses. In a playoff setting, any player who receives a second game misconduct penalty will automatically be banned from the next match.
Gross Misconduct Penalty
· Penalty Duration: Game ejection
· Example Offenses: Abuse of officials, spats with spectators, alcohol consumption before or during the game, verbal abuse, discrimination
· Description: Immediate ejection.
· Affect on Game: The ejected player is replaced on the ice. There is no man advantage given.
· Additional Info: The NHL removed the gross misconduct penalty from the rule book and replaced it with the game misconduct penalty.
· Penalty Duration: Immediate ejection + 5 minutes for a teammate
· Example Offenses: Serious offenses such as attempted headbutt or kicking
· Description: The referee may impose a match penalty on a player or goalkeeper who intentionally injures or attempts to injure another player. The player will be disqualified for the rest of the game and sent to the dressing room.
· Man Advantage: A substitute player must go to the box for 5 minutes. After that, he may return to the ice.
· Additional Info: –
· Penalty Duration: None
· Example Offenses: tripping or spearing while the opposing team has a break away
· Description: The small bank penalty is imposed as a result of conduct that is detrimental to the game, or for rule violations committed by players or team officials from the player’s bank.
· Affect on the Game: A penalty shot is awarded when a player in a break away is fouled. A penalty may only be imposed if the following five conditions are met: (1) The offense did not occur in the own defensive zone. (2) The fouled player had possession of the puck. (3) The foul was committed from behind. (4) The foul foiled a credible chance to score a goal. (5) Between the goalie and fouled attacking player there was no other opponent on the ice between the goalie and fouled attacking player.
· Specials: Beginning 2010, the fouled player takes the penalty shot himself. Once the player has fouled, the shot is deemed to have been taken. Additional shots are then no longer possible. “Shootouts” also consist of a series of penalty shots if both teams are tied after the regular playing time or extra time.
List of the most common penalties
· Description: Boarding is a penalty when an offending player pushes, trips or checks an opposing player violently into the boards of the rink.
· Punishment: Either minor, major or match penalty depending on severity.
· Additional Info: Boarding that negligently endangers an opponent will always be given a 5 minute major at the minimum.
· Description: Interference occurs when a player blocks an opponent or prevents him from skating, passing or moving freely on the ice without possession of the puck.
· Punishment: 2 minute minor penalty
· Specials: If a player negligently endangers another player, the referee may call a major penalty, eject or even suspend the player.
Checking from behind
· Description: Checking from behind means that a player checks another player who is not aware or unable to defend himself from the coming impact as his back is turned.
· Punishment: Depends on severity. Minor penalty or disciplinary punishment: If a player checks from behind against the boards, goal or in the middle of the rink
Major penalty, ejection or match penalty: If a player negligently endangers another player through his misconduct.
· Additional Info: No penalty is called if the player to be checked suddenly turns his back or dives after impact in order to create an offense.
Checking to the Head and Neck
· Description: This penalty is called when a player checks another player in the head or neck area or pushes the head into the glass or boards.
· Punishment: Depending on severity, the referee may call a minor, major, misconduct, game misconduct or match penalty.
· Special Info: Checking the head or neck will always be penalized. There is no “clean” check against the head and neck area. If a foul is aimed at another area of the body, but is consequently shifted to the head and neck area, there will be no penalty for a check against the head and neck area.
· Description: When a player uses his elbow to hit or check another player, an elbowing penalty is called.
· Punishment: The penalty depends on the severity of the offence. Minor penalty for lighter elbow checks
A major, misconduct or match penality is imposed if a player negligently risks the health and welfare of an opponent.
· Description: A hooking penalty is called when a player uses his stick to push, pull or move his oppenent.
· Punishment: Minor penalty
· Additional Info: If a player negligently endangers another player by hooking, either a major penalty, misconduct or match penalty is called.
· Description: Holding is called when a player uses his hands, arms, legs, skates or stick to prevent an opponent from skating freely.
· Punishment: Minor penalty
Holding the Stick
· Description: Holding or controling the stick of the opponent with either hands, arms, legs, body will result in this penalty being called.
· Sentence: Minor penalty
· Description: When a player raises any part of his stick higher than the cross bar of the goal post or hits an opponent with any part of the stick, a high stick is called.
· Punishment: Depends on the severity. At least minor penalty: A player touches his opponent with a high stick.
Double Minor Penalty: A player accidentally injures an opponent with a high stick.
Major penalty, match penalty or ejection: A player negligently risks injury of an opponent.
· Additional Info: A high stick is called when a player deliberately moves his stick over shoulder height and places it against a player. Even if a player’s stick accidentally hits an opponent on his upper body while shooting or passing, a high stick is called.
· Description: When a player uses his head (or attempts) to hit his opponent, this penalty is called.
· Punishment: Ejection
Abuse of Officials
· Description: Abuse of officials occurs when a player physically confronts or openly questions a referee’s authority.
· Penalty: Depends on the severity.
Minor Penalty: Using your stick to strike against the glass in order to protest or insult the referee’s decision.
Penalty: The team or player or official insults a referee; a punished player refuses sit in the penalty box; physically protesting the referee’s ruling; use of video material to challenge referee ruling.
Disciplinary Penalty: A player requests or uses video footage to challenge a referee’s verdict; intentionally pushes the puck away from the ref; a player comes too close to the referee; a (co-)captain complains to a referee about the conduct and verdicts of another referee; an already-penalized player does not immediately go to the penalty box.
Game Misconduct: Use of offensive language or obscene behavior after a minor penalty has been imposed; disrespectful or violent behavior toward a referee by a player or team official; throwing an object at a referee or spraying the referee with a water.
· Match Penalty: Violence against a referee or injury to the referee; volleying or throwing the stick or puck at the referee; threating, discriminating, spitting or smearing blood at the referee by a player or team official; obscene language or gesture of a player or team official to the referee before, during or immediately after play.
· Additional Info: If obscene language or behaviour occurs on or off the ice after the match, the referee may impose a suspension.
· Description: A cross check is a check where the attacking players uses his stick to physically check the opponent.
· Penalty: Minor Penalty
· Description: Roughing is called when two players are in a minor altercation.
· Punishment: Depends on the severity of the offense.
An altercation: can lead to a minor, double minor, major or misconduct penalty.
Striking the opponent’s head: minor penalty
· Description: Charging is the action of a player or goalie who, as a result of distance traveled, shall violently check an opponent in any manner.
· Punishment: Depends on severity
· Description: Unsportsmanlike conduct is when a player or official violates the rules of sportsmanship, fair play and respect.
· Punishment: Depends on severity.
· Minor Penalty: refers primarily to clearly identifiable players; when offensive language or behaviour is used towards teammates, opponents or spectators, cheers for fouls or injuries, spraying ice on the opposing goalkeeper when braking.
· Bench minor: refers to unidentifiable players or the entire team; for when a team member or official behaves in an unsportsmanlike manner, uses obscene or abusive language or conduct, celebrates fouls or injuries, throws a stick or other object at the ice to protest.
· Misconduct: Is imposed when a player shoots the puck after a whistle from the referee, in apparent misconduct, or if a player continues to misbehave, when a player instigates an opponent to commit a foul, or when a player intentionally enters the bench area of the opposing team.
· Game Misconduct: Is pronounced if a player or official does not cease misconduct, such as the use of obscene or offensive language, even after a minor penalty or a bench sentence.
· Match Penalty: Imposed when a player or official uses racist, sexist or threatening language, spits or wipes blood on someone, usage of obscene gestures or conduct towards people on the ice, in the bank or spectator area bef
Too Many Men
· Description: A team may only have six skaters on the ice. As soon as a team has 7 or more skaters, a penalty is called for too many men on the ice. A player may only enter the game if the player leaving the ice is 5 feet or less away from his own bench.
· Punishment: 2 minute minor